Do You Know Why You Have Dark Gums?
Dark gums are a common sight in many people, but have you ever wondered why they have this darker hue? The answer lies in the body’s production of melanin. Melanin is the same pigment that gives us our freckles, dark spots, and tan lines, and the amount of melanin produced in each individual determines the color of their gums. Those with naturally darker complexions typically have more melanin than those with fairer complexions, resulting in darker gums. In this blog post, we’ll explore what causes dark gums, and how to care for them.
Melanin is produced by everyone’s skin
Melanin is a natural pigment produced by the body that gives color to our skin, hair, and eyes. It’s produced by cells in the body called melanocytes and is responsible for the varying shades of skin tones we see around us. It’s also responsible for darker areas like dark gums, black gums, or other parts of the body. Without melanin, our skin would be completely pale and would not tan when exposed to sunlight. People with naturally darker complexions usually have more melanin than those with fairer complexions.
Melanin is the source of freckles, dark spots, and tan lines
Melanin is the pigment in our skin that gives it its color. It is what makes dark spots, freckles, and tan lines appear on the surface of our skin. Melanin is also found in our gums, which is why some people have darker gums, or black gums. Those with naturally darker complexions usually have more melanin than those with fairer complexions. The melanin in our gums is what makes them appear darker, and it can vary from person to person depending on the amount of melanin present.
Those with naturally darker complexions usually have more melanin
People with darker complexions tend to have more melanin in their skin, which gives them their darker pigmentation. This is why many people with dark skin have darker gums than those with fairer complexions. It’s also why some people have black gums. The melanin in our gums helps to protect our teeth from the wear and tear of chewing and grinding. Unfortunately, too much melanin can lead to darkening of the gums, which can be a source of embarrassment for some.
The melanin in our gums is what makes them appear darker
Dark gums, or black gums, are the result of an increase in melanin production in the gum tissue. This darkening of the gums can be caused by a variety of factors including genetics, smoking, and even certain medications. Melanin is the same pigment that gives us our natural skin tone and hair color, but it can be produced in excess in our gums. The excess production of melanin causes the gums to darken, resulting in black or dark gums. The darker pigmentation of the gums can also be hereditary and passed down through generations. For some people, their gums may appear darker due to aging, as the melanin levels naturally increase with age.
In some cases, dark gums may be a sign of a medical condition such as periodontal disease or a fungal infection. It’s important to consult with your dentist if you notice any discoloration of your gums.
There are several reasons why you may have darker gums
- Genetics: One of the main reasons why your gums may be darker is due to genetics. People with naturally darker complexions tend to have more melanin in their bodies, which can cause their gums to appear darker.
- Aging: As we age, our bodies produce less melanin, which can cause our gums to appear darker.
- Certain medical conditions: Certain medical conditions can also cause dark gums, such as Addison’s disease, diabetes, or oral thrush.
- Poor dental hygiene: Poor dental hygiene and not brushing or flossing properly can cause dark gums, known as “black gums” or “gum pigmentation”. This is due to a build-up of bacteria in the mouth that can discolor the gums.
- Smoking: Smoking has been known to cause discoloration of the gums, making them appear darker.
It’s important to note that if you do have darker gums, it doesn’t necessarily mean there is a serious medical condition present, although it is always recommended to speak to your dentist if you are concerned.
Some medical conditions can cause dark gums
Melasma and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation are two skin conditions that can cause dark gums. Melasma is a condition where areas of the skin become darker due to an overproduction of melanin. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is a reaction that occurs after the skin has been injured or irritated. Both of these conditions can cause dark gums, or even black gums in some cases.
Another medical condition that can cause dark gums is called Addison’s disease. This is a rare disorder that affects the adrenal glands and can cause darkening of the skin in certain areas, including the gums.
Certain medications can also cause darkening of the gums. Some antibiotics and chemotherapy drugs can lead to discoloration of the gums, and even changes in their texture. If you are taking any medications and notice your gums becoming darker, it’s important to speak to your doctor about it.
Finally, there are some genetic conditions that can cause dark gums. For example, hereditary hemochromatosis is a condition where too much iron builds up in the body, which can lead to darkening of the gums.
If you have dark gums and are concerned, it’s important to see your doctor or dentist as soon as possible. They will be able to diagnose any underlying conditions that may be causing the discoloration and help you find a treatment plan that works for you.
You can lighten your gums with home remedies
If you’re looking to lighten your dark or black gums, there are several home remedies you can try. One of the most common methods is to use a mixture of baking soda and hydrogen peroxide. You can make a paste using 1 tablespoon of baking soda and 2 tablespoons of hydrogen peroxide. Gently brush your gums with the paste and rinse with warm water afterwards.
Another option is to use lemon juice. This can be applied directly to your gums with a cotton swab or ball. You can also mix equal parts of lemon juice and water in a cup and use this mixture as a mouthwash for two minutes, then rinse with warm water.
You can also try oil pulling with coconut oil. This involves swishing the oil around in your mouth for up to 15 minutes, then spitting it out and rinsing with warm water.
Finally, you can use apple cider vinegar as a mouthwash. Mix one part apple cider vinegar with two parts warm water, swish around your mouth for up to two minutes, then rinse with warm water.
You can also see a dentist to lighten your gums
If your dark gums are making you self-conscious, you can schedule a visit to the dentist to have them lightened. Your dentist may recommend a procedure called chemical abrasion. During this procedure, a solution is used to safely remove some of the melanin-producing cells in your gums. This will lighten the color of your gums and make them less noticeable.
For those with more severe cases of black gums, the dentist may suggest a procedure called gum bleaching. This is a special lightening process that is used to reduce the appearance of dark gums. It involves using a lightening agent and special laser technology to reduce the darkness in the gums.
Your dentist can also provide advice on how to prevent dark gums from getting worse. For example, they may advise you to avoid smoking or using certain medications that can cause darkening of the gums. They can also suggest lifestyle changes that can help reduce the appearance of dark gums.