Are the pyramids in Egypt in line with the stars?

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Because it is mentioned so frequently, many admirers of ancient Egypt just take it for granted. And it appears plausible on the surface. The night sky was keenly monitored by the ancient Egyptians. They planned when to grow crops and when to harvest by studying the constellations and the movement of the stars. But whether the pyramids themselves are genuinely aligned with any specific constellation of stars has been the subject of much controversy.

However, the Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt, which encompassed the decades around 2500 B.C., is when the pyramids were constructed. Therefore, any celestial alignment they have with the night sky must coincide with how the heavens appeared 4,500 years ago.

The pyramids of Egypt: A doorway to the stars?

There are many old theories regarding how the stars relate to the pyramids. However, a researcher by the name of Robert Bauval made a recommendation in the 1980s that has now become entrenched in the public’s consciousness. He drew comparisons between the design of the Stargate Pyramids Coupon at Giza and the spacing between the three stars that make up Orion’s Belt in the constellation Orion.

The Orion Mystery, a 1995 New York Times bestseller by Bauval, popularized the idea that “the pyramids were built to serve as a gateway to the stars.” All of the pyramids’ construction, according to Bauval, was guided by the constellation Orion.

It’s now regarded as a fanciful theory in archaeology. Why? Physical proof of a deliberate association does not exist. Furthermore, there is no evidence in Egyptian writings that the pyramids were purposefully built in that manner.

Do the Egyptian pyramids correspond to the constellations?

Instead, detractors claim that believers are falling prey to pareidolia – the human propensity to see forms, patterns, and significance in objects, even in the absence of such a pattern. Observing the fabled Man in the Moon’s visage, as an example.

Also not all three pyramids were planned at once. Leading scholars believe that the Pyramid of Menkaure, which is somewhat smaller and is located a bit farther away, was built as an afterthought. Therefore, it makes sense to assume that the separations between the monuments had nothing to do with the separations between the three stars in Orion’s Belt. Or, at the very least, no conscious association with the stars.

In addition to the absence of evidence, the Orion Correlation Theory frequently comes with additional outlandish assertions, which usually causes people to roll their eyes. People who are most fervently in favor of the theory are frequently those who also support myths about extinct alien races and highly developed cultures.

‘Star shafts’ in pyramids

Researchers’ interpretations of two puzzling, slender shafts found in the Great Pyramid of Giza gave rise to the Orion Correlation Theory. The so-called “King’s Chamber” has shafts that go through the pyramid’s walls. According to some scientists, they are air shafts. The reason the dead would want access to oxygen is unknown, though. However, according to other experts, these tunnels acted as passageways to paradise.

Additionally, a group of Egyptologists proposed that these structures were star shafts constructed to point toward significant stars and constellations in the 1960s. Virginia Trimble and Alexander Badawy, two scholars, discovered that one of the shafts appears to aim roughly where the north star would have been at the time the pyramids were built. Typically, the other shaft faces Orion’s Belt. The mythology of the ancient Egyptians likewise recognized the significance of these two regions of the sky.

The north star and the other pole stars were referred to as “the indestructibles” or “imperishable stars.” The Egyptians believed their deceased pharaohs would join them in the afterlife and related these unwavering stars to their eternal beliefs. One text states, “I [the king] will cross to that side on which the Imperishable Stars are, that I may be among them.” Similar to how Sah, the patriarch of the Egyptian gods, was represented by Orion’s constellations, Orion was similarly significant to ancient Egyptian society.

However, it’s unlikely that the shafts would have been helpful for actually observing these objects. They were roughly arranged, with big stones blocking their departure and horizontal parts. But despite numerous attempts at shaft excavation, the truth of their function has remained a mystery for more than half a century.

Recently conducted pyramid exploration

Researchers from Leeds University in the UK revealed they have created a tiny robot in 2020 in an effort to finally determine the function of the shafts. One shaft measured 200 feet (60 meters), and the robot successfully traversed it while capturing nine hours of video.

But at the end of the short tunnel, there was a surprise for them. By maneuvering a camera past the deliberately placed stone that was blocking the shaft, the robot was able to find a tiny chamber with intricate symbols painted on the floor. But after that, the robot couldn’t move beyond another stone.

Rob Richardson, a robotics professor at Leeds University and the project’s technical head, remarked in the first announcement of the finding, “Given the artwork, it is likely the shaft served a bigger purpose than act[ing] as an air vent.” “An unresolved question is what lies beyond that second stone, at the end of the shaft. The Great Pyramid’s riddle is still unsolved.

After growing security concerns in Egypt, the team decided to end their research there.

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